Here is an English recipe closed to the one that Mum used to cook.
100g butter or margarine
225g plain flour
2x5ml spoons baking powder
Pinch of salt
1/2 tsp mixed spice (optional)
Grated rind of half a lemon
100g demerara sugar
100g mixed dried fruit
1 egg, beaten
5 ml spoon milk
Rub the fat into the sifted flour,
baking powder, salt and spices until the mixture resembles fine breadcrumbs.
Stir in the rind, sugar and fruit.
Make a well in the centre, pour in the egg and milk, and mix to give a
Place mixture in rough heaps onto a greased baking tray. Bake in a moderately
hot oven 200C, 400F, Gas Mark 6 for 15-20 minutes.
Jackie's notes: g = gram, 5ml = 1 tsp, Plain flour is ordinary baking flour in North Amercia (in England we have one called Self Raising flour too). The dough should be quite stiff so that when you drop in on the baking sheet (cookie sheet) it does not make a smooth mound.
And I have just found an old ORIGINAL RecipeRock Cakes
To six ounces of flour,
add three of butter,
two ounces of currants,
sugar to your taste,
Beat all well together, break it into rough pieces, and bake on tins
in a quick oven.